Importance of food fortification

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The practice of adding nutrients to foods that do not already contain them is known as food fortification. Milk, for example, is frequently fortified with added vitamin D to increase its nutritional value. The goal of fortification is to assist people in correcting dietary deficits.

02/6Deficiencies in nutrition

In 2011-2012, 21.9 percent of the overall Indian population was impoverished. Given how densely populated India is, 21.9 percent is a sizable population. Malnutrition, a lack of sufficient nutrition induced by a lack of food availability, is one of the most severe and widespread poverty outcomes. The government has done a lot to try to relieve and finally eliminate the problem of malnutrition. However, it is not only the poor that suffer from difficulties caused by a lack of nutrition. Nutrient deficits affect people of all socioeconomic backgrounds. Some deficiencies, such as vitamin D, are so common that 70 percent of urban India suffers.


The Food Fortification Resource Centre is a non-profit organization that provides information about food for

With the issue of inadequacies in mind, the Food Fortification Resource Centre was formed under the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), with the primary goal of promoting large-scale food fortification.

The Food Fortification Resource Centre has taken on the responsibility of mass manufacture of fortified foods, developing a ‘+F’ brand for rice, wheat flour, salt, edible oil, and milk. The emblem is a fortification symbol, and it will boost the nutritional content of the foods mentioned above.

Iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12 will be added to rice and wheat flour.

Iron and iodine will be added to salt.

Vitamins A and D will be added to edible oil and milk.


04/6The Advantages of Food Fortification

  • Prevents and cures malnutrition and nutritional deficits.
  • Offers additional nourishment at a low cost.
  • Even after fortification, the food’s essential features remain unchanged. This indicates that the original flavor, texture, and appearance have not been altered.
  • By catering to both the poor and the wealthy, large-scale production of fortified foods can help alleviate a country’s overall nutritional problem.
  • The fortification procedure is inexpensive.

05/6Consequences of Food Fortification

  • Only a few nutrients are provided during the fortification process, leaving other nutritional deficits unaddressed.
  • Fortified food products frequently fail to reach the lowest elements of society, who are among the worst afflicted by nutritional inadequacies. This issue is caused by a lack of purchasing power and a weak distribution channel.
  • Consuming fortified meals may result in a nutritional overload.
  • While fortified foods help to provide specific nutrients, in the long term, you will need a significant diet, which restricts the potential of such foods in lower socioeconomic groups.



Food fortification is playing a vital role in pushing limits in a country like India, where a shift in lifestyle is urgently needed. The approach is gently but surely changing food habits and assisting a nation that is severely lacking in nutritional food to address the issue. Hopefully, the FSSAI program will reach our population’s eyes and ears, and the day will come when most companies will be producing fortified food products.

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