Relaxation Benefits Of Alpha Brain Waves

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What Exactly Are Alpha Brain Waves?

Increasing alpha waves may help to alleviate depression.

Alpha brain waves are one type of electrical activity generated by the brain. The brain is made up of millions of neurons that communicate information via electrical signals.

When groups of neurons fire in a specific pattern to relay signals to other groups of neurons, the resulting prints are referred to as brain waves. These electrical patterns are linked to various forms of brain activity as well as distinct states of consciousness.

When you are daydreaming, meditating, or practicing mindfulness, you are likely to experience alpha waves. According to research, this sort of brain wave may play a role in lowering depressive symptoms and enhancing creativity.

Detecting Alpha Waves

Brain waves are classified into five categories. An electroencephalogram is an instrument that measures brain waves (EEG). The image generated by the tool depicts this electrical activity in the form of waves.

An EEG measures the frequency of these waves or the number of activity cycles each second. Some of these waves are faster than others, with alpha waves falling somewhere in the middle.

Brain Waves and Their Varieties

The following are the five types of brain waves and their corresponding frequencies:

Delta waves, which have a frequency range of 0.5 to 4 hertz (Hz), are produced during profound phases of dreamless sleep.

Theta waves, which have a frequency range of 4 to 8 Hz, are produced during light sleep or deep relaxation.

Alpha waves, which have a frequency range of 8 to 12 hertz, occur when people are comfortable, and their brains are idle, not concentrating on anything.

The waves that occur during most conscious, waking states are beta waves, which have a frequency range of 12 to 30 Hz. It is a quick activity that indicates alertness and attentiveness.

Gamma waves, which have a frequency range of 25 to 100 hertz, are the quickest wavelength brain waves and are associated with learning, problem-solving, and information processing tasks.

What Do They Do?

When the brain creates alpha waves, it is because it is in a peaceful and restful condition. This is why people feel these waves when they engage in stress-relieving activities like meditation.

When alpha wave activity is prominent, how does brain activity appear on an EEG? When the brain exhibits this type of EEG wave, it usually indicates that a person concentrates on a single topic and does not pay attention to unwanted distractions. They are relaxed and inclined to dismiss sensory input.

There is some evidence that discovering strategies to increase these alpha waves may have several advantages. Some of the benefits of increasing alpha waves include reduced stress, anxiety, sadness, and improved creative thinking.

Alpha Waves’ Influence

The discovery of biofeedback, a technique that includes taking input from a technology that analyses brain activity to learn how to actively make alpha waves, sparked increased interest in using alpha waves. According to research, alpha waves may have several good effects, which may include the following:

Depression has been reduced.

A study published in the journal Translational Psychiatry discovered that employing a technique known as transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) to create alpha wave activity improved depressive symptoms in persons suffering from serious depression.


Despite the study’s modest sample size, the findings demonstrate the therapeutic potential of enhancing alpha waves to treat depression.

Increased Creativity

According to one 2015 study, alpha wave activity is related to creativity.


They discovered that this effect might be achieved using non-invasive brain stimulation. While such effects may be beneficial for stimulating creative thought, they also can help lessen depression.

People suffering from depression are prone to falling into recurrent thought patterns. Finding techniques to break free from such damaging routines may aid in the reduction of depressive symptoms.

Anxiety Reduction

Alpha waves are associated with more peaceful, restful mental states, which is why experts believe they may be useful in reducing anxiety and stress. One study discovered that alpha brain wave neurofeedback training reduced participants’ anxiety levels. 3

Another study found that raising alpha and theta activity in the brain’s occipital lobes helped people with generalized anxiety disorder reduce their anxiety and enhance their functioning.


How to Increase Alpha Waves

One method for learning how to intentionally create alpha waves is through biofeedback training. While researchers continue to investigate this as a potential therapeutic therapy for sadness and anxiety, there are certain things you may do to boost your ability to experience this type of brain wave. Boost alpha wave activity by:

Meditation has been related to enhanced alpha waves and offers a range of health advantages.

5 Deep breathing: Deep breathing can be a powerful tool for dealing with anxiety. It may also help improve alpha activity in important parts of the brain, according to research. 6 Mindfulness practice: The study has indicated that mindfulness training can boost alpha wave activity, and some research has suggested that this practice may aid people who are suffering from chronic pain, anxiety, or depression.

Yoga: The relaxed mood associated with alpha waves may increase when doing yoga, and some evidence suggests that regular yoga practice may boost alpha activity in the brain.

7 Aerobics: According to certain studies, aerobic exercise can increase alpha wave activity.


While alpha waves have the potential to alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression, they can also be problematic if they occur when they are not supposed to. For example, while alpha waves are common just before falling asleep, they should not occur while sleeping. When alpha waves occur during sleep, they might exacerbate sleep problems.

The brain generally produces delta waves during deep sleep. If alpha waves occur instead, sleep is disrupted, and people feel exhausted the next day.

Verywell’s Opinion

Alpha waves are vital in brain function, and research suggests that they may help lower anxiety and depression symptoms. Neurofeedback is one method for inducing these brain waves to a certain extent.

Meditation and mindfulness are two relaxation strategies that may be beneficial. If you increase your alpha waves, you may experience enhanced mood, lower depression and anxiety, and a stronger sense of peace.

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