Things that are compromising your immune system

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Rinsing your hands often, being fully vaccinated, getting enough sleep, and eating a nutritious diet are all excellent methods to protect yourself against viruses and other pathogens. You may not understand that other aspects of your life may interfere with your body’s capacity to defend itself.

Your immune system can be harmed by how you spend your spare time, stress levels and how often you spend time drinking. How much physical activity you receive can also be a factor as well as the air you breathe.

According to John Spangler, MD, a professor of family and community medicine at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in North Carolina, stress causes the brain to produce more cortisol, which inhibits the activity of infection-fighting T cells.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, getting support from friends, setting priorities, exercising regularly, and practising relaxation techniques like yoga and tai chi can help relieve stress (NIMH).

Loneliness
According to a December 2014 study published in the Journal of Neuroimmunology, loneliness may damage your immune system. The study, which was conducted on rats, discovered that higher anxiety linked with loneliness leads to greater immune system suppression and increased oxidative stress, or damage produced by free radicals. According to research published in the journal Psychological Science in February 2015, just embracing someone can have a stress-relieving impact and lower susceptibility to disease.

Sedentary Way of Life
According to a January 2012 research published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, excessive sitting and lack of activity might impair your body’s capacity to fight illness over time. Sedentary living is associated with an increased risk of early mortality, regardless of age, gender, or other hazardous behaviours such as smoking and drinking. According to the study, inactivity can eventually lead to a weakened immune system, inflammation, and other chronic illnesses. According to the NIMH, incorporating 30 minutes of regular exercise into your daily routine can assist.

Excessive Exercise
Being a couch potato weakens your immune system, but the other extreme may be equally damaging. According to a December 2012 analysis in Acta Clinica Croatica, excessive vigorous exercise can be detrimental for the body and make it more susceptible to illness. However, according to a 2014 research, frequent, moderate physical exercise might make you less susceptible to infections.

Nicotine
Whether you smoke regular cigarettes or e-cigarettes, you are still exposing yourself to nicotine, which can have a negative impact on your immune system. According to Dr. Spangler, nicotine raises cortisol levels while decreasing B cell antibody production and T cell responsiveness to antigens. According to the findings of a mouse research published in PLOS One in February 2015, vapour from e-cigarettes may harm the lungs and make them more vulnerable to infection. E-cigarettes, according to the researchers, are dangerous because their vapour includes free radicals, which can induce airway inflammation and poor responses to germs and viruses.

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